CIPR | Center For Inter-American Policy & Research

Tulane University

From Resistance to Neoliberalism to the Second Wave of Incorporation Workshop

October 24th, 2012 - October 27th, 2012

LBC Room 209

Comparative Perspectives on Reshaping the Political Arena in Latin America

Conference and Edited Volume Workshop
Eduardo Silva (Tulane University) & Federico M. Rossi (Tulane University)


Latin America’s neoliberal critical juncture- which began in the mid-1970s- transformed many of the region’s key social, economic, political structures, institutions, and actors. The very same process, however also generated intense waves of resistance that contributed to the resurgence of the left. A growing literature has examined the turn to left governments. But none have systematically studied how the redefinition of the organized popular sectors , their political allies, and their struggles, have reshaped the political arena to include their interests. If the neoliberal period marginalized the popular sectors, the peasantry, and the political forces that supported them from politics the turn to left governments raises expectations for a second wave of incorporation.

The conference and the proposed edited volume under discussion will address three central questions applied to the cases of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador and Venezuela: How did neoliberal adjustment and second generation reforms affect the transformation of key popular sector social and political actors, their interests, demands, and actions? How have reconstituted organized popular sectors been reincorporated into politics in left governments and what is their role in the social coalitions that support them? What are the consequences of the mode of incorporation for policy and politics? Separate panels will focus respectively on unions, political parties and social movements. Each panel will also explore sources of cooperation and tension among the principal actors and how they affect emerging conflict and consensus around key policy and political issues regarding reforms to free-market economics and procedural democracy.

Conference participants and book contributor include:
Eduardo Silva and Federico Rossi (conference conveners and general editors)
Adalberto Cardoso (Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro)
Ruth Berins Collier (University of California, Berkeley)
Catherine Conaghan (Queen’s University)
Steve Ellner (Universidad de Oriente, Puerto La Cruz)
María Pilar García-Guadilla (Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas)
Julián José Gindin (Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro)
Daniel Hellinger (Webster University, St. Louis)
Jorge León (CEDIME, Ecuador)
Pierre Ostiguy (Pontífica Universidad Católica de Chile)
Kenneth Roberts (Cornell University)
Aaron Schneider (University of Denver)
Susan Spronk (University of Ottawa)

Please see the tentative Schedule of Events here.


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Exploring the 2016 US Elections

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The US’s November elections are especially critical. The world’s power structures are undergoing dramatic changes, and so the internal political process of this world leader has even greater global consequences.

Looking beyond just the US’s foreign policy is key to understanding its actions. Over the next few months, the teaching programs at several Costa Rican institutions will focus on the following:

  • An analysis of succession of power within institutional structures.
  • The role of political parties (polarization).
  • The influence of changing demographics.
  • The geographic expression of social change.
  • The effect of the democratic process in the formulation and implementation of the US’s foreign policy towards Latin American in particular.

The University of Costa Rica, through its School of Political Science, and the Centro de Investigación y Estudios Políticos (CIEP), has joined forces with the Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones y su Instituto de Formación y Estudios en Democracia (IFED), as well as with the University of Tulane, through its Center for Inter-American Policy and Research (CIPR), for a series of outreach activities during the second half of 2016. These activities will utilize the resources at these educational and research institutions to promote a better understanding of the electoral process in the US.

The results of this upcoming election will have repercussions for the world, particularly in Latin American and Costa Rica. A broader, deeper understanding of the current situation will be useful for both universities and public policy decision-makers.

Participating institutions are confident that a proper analysis of this political process will lead to improved understanding and cooperation between the two nations.

Schedule of Activities


  • Thursday, 8/18: Talk on the United States’ electoral system by Diego Brenes, IFED.

  • Thursday, 9/1: Discussion on demographics and electoral geography in the US with Constantino Urcuyo and Jesús Guzmán.
  • Thursday, 9/22: Talk on Politics and Elections: Celeste Lay, Phd. Tulane University.

  • Thursday, 10/13: Discussion on elections and external politics: Carlos Murillo, Phd. in government and public policy.
  • Thursday, 10/27: Talk by Jenny Lincoln Fullbright from the US Embassy.

  • Monday, 11/10: Round table. Analysis of election results with Constantino Urcuyo, Felipe Alpízar, Nuria Marín, and Fernando Zeledón as moderator.