CIPR | Center For Inter-American Policy & Research

Tulane University

Bahamas

An archipelago of 700 islands and islets, the Bahamas attracts millions of tourists each year. The visitors come to enjoy its mild climate, fine beaches and beautiful forests. A former British colony and now a Commonwealth member, the country is a major centre for offshore finance and has one of the world’s largest open-registry shipping fleets. The Bahamas enjoys a high per capita income, but there are imbalances in the distribution of wealth, most of which is concentrated in the commercial and tourist centres. The huge growth in the services sector of the economy has prompted people to leave fishing and farming villages for the commercial centres in New Providence Island, Grand Bahama and Great Abaco. This trend has compounded the islands’ dependence on tourism and banking. As with other Caribbean countries, The Bahamas faces the challenge of tackling drugs trafficking and illegal immigration. It has taken steps to clean-up its offshore banking system. The Bahamas is a destination for migrants from its strife-torn Caribbean neighbour, Haiti. Tens of thousands of Haitians are thought to be living illegally in the country. Bahamian culture is expressed most colourfully in “Junkanoo” street celebrations, which feature rhythmic music, dance and elaborate costumes and masks.

BBC Country Profile: Bahamas

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