CIPR | Center For Inter-American Policy & Research

Tulane University

Mixed Bag of Venezuelan Leader's Regime

February 3rd, 2011

Michaela Gibboni
newwave@tulane.edu
Photo by Jose Ibanez

Credit and blame - Hugo Chávez deserves both. Experts presented their perspectives on the strengths and weaknesses of Chávez, the controversial president of Venezuela, at a recent symposium on the Tulane uptown campus. Chávez has his shortcomings and his successes, most of the speakers agreed.

The symposium, "Venezuela From the Neutral Ground," featured 17 speakers from around the world. A common theme among the scholars was the steadily socialist turn by Chávez and the methods he uses to maintain control.
María Teresa Romero of the Universidad Central de Venezuela discussed the radicalization of Venezuelan foreign policy in Chávez's leftist government. Romero focused on Chávez's "friend" and "enemy" strategy when it comes to foreign affairs.

"Leftist governments always have an enemy, and it's almost always imperialists," Romero said. "The U.S. government is the principal enemy of Chávez."

Margarita López Maya, also of the Universidad Central de Venezuela, spoke about Venezuela's populism and its tendencies. The "left populism" of Chávez focuses on eradicating poverty and inequality, making Venezuela "one of the least unequal societies in America," she said.

However, with Chávez's growing concentration of power and a weakening of civil and political rights, López Maya said, "We are moving toward a non-liberal state."

Chávez originally entered office based on popular support from Venezuela's working class, but his ratings have dropped, said López Maya. As evidence of his drop in popularity, López Maya pointed to the Sept. 26 elections in which Chávez did not win by a large majority, revealing his political weakness.

"The main weakness of Chavismo is its inefficiency in resolving everyday problems. This opens opportunities for opposition forces," López Maya said.

The symposium, held on Friday (Jan. 28), was sponsored by the Tulane Center for Inter-American Policy and Research, the Stone Center for Latin American Studies and the Department of Political Science.

Michaela Gibboni is a sophomore student at Tulane majoring in communication and Spanish.

Reported in the Tulane New Wave

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Social and Environmental Safeguards, Policies and Practices in International Development: Discussion with Carlos Pérez-Brito

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Currently a social specialist from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Carlos Pérez-Brito is responsible for managing social and environmental safeguards in the public and private sectors projects. Before joining the IDB, Mr. Pérez-Brito was a human development specialist for the World Bank and USAID. He has a bachelor degree from Loyola University, New Orleans and a Masters in Latin American Studies from Tulane University with emphasis in international development. He was also a visiting scholar for the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).

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Please join us for a lecture by Dr. Arturo Sotomayor, assistant professor at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). Sotomayor will present his newest book The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper: Civil-Military Relations and the United Nations (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013).

The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper reevaluates how United Nations peacekeeping missions reform (or fail to reform) their participating members. It investigates how such missions affect military organizations and civil-military relations as countries transition to a more democratic system. Sotomayor's evaluation of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay's involvement in the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti reinforces his final analysis – that successful democratic transitions must include a military organization open to change and a civilian leadership that exercises its oversight responsibilities.

Arturo Sotomayor is an assistant professor in the National Security Affairs Department at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), in Monterey, California. His areas of interest include civil-military relations in Latin America; UN Peacekeeping participation by South American countries; Latin American comparative foreign policy, and nuclear policy in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. His publications have appeared in Security Studies, International Peacekeeping, Journal of Latin American Politics and Society, Hemisphere, Nonproliferation Review and other edited volumes. He is the author of The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper: Civil-Military Relations and the United Nations (Johns Hopkins Press, 2014) and co-editor of Mexico's Security Failure (Routledge, 2011). Before joining the NPS in 2009, Sotomayor taught at the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE) in Mexico City, and was a post-doctoral fellow in the Center for Inter-American Policy and Research (CIPR) at Tulane University. He received his M.A., M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees in political science from Columbia University and his B.A. degree in international relations from the Technological Autonomous Institute of Mexico (ITAM).

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