CIPR | Center For Inter-American Policy & Research

Tulane University

Forthcoming Article of Arturo Sotomayor in Security Studies

August 24th, 2009

Why States Participate in UN Peace Missions While Others Don‘€™s: An Analysis of Civil-Military Relations and Its Effects on Latin America‘€™s Contributions to Peacekeeping. This is the title of the forthcoming article of Arturo Sotomayor, CIPR post-doc fellow in 2009.


This paper examines the ways and degrees to which nation-states participate in United Nations peacekeeping operations. Although short from war, peacekeeping entails a military dimension of foreign policy in which uniformed personnel is deployed to accomplish diplomatic and political means. As such, decisions to commit troops to UN operations must have the implicit support of the armed forces in order to take place. Yet, military backing for peacekeeping participation is not universal; some military institutions are more willing to join such missions than others. Hence, variations in terms of peacekeeping commitments can sometimes be explained in terms of security doctrines and integration of military and foreign policy roles. Countries with externally-oriented doctrines and integrated foreign and defense policies are more likely to commit troops to the UN than countries with national security doctrines and segregated military and foreign policy roles. Using evidence from the Latin American region, the paper suggests that the decision to engage in UN operations is the result of doctrinal policies and bureaucratic infighting.

To inquire about the article please email Arturo Sotomayor at